Robert Menendez on Abortion

Last Updated : Feb 18, 2011

Teen Pregnancy Prevention Amendment 

In July of 2006, Senator Menendez released a press statement noting an amendment that he was proposing to fund sex education. He also spoke on the senate floor about the legislation.

 

Teen Pregnancy Prevention, Responsibility and Opportunity Act

In April of 2007, Senator Menendez released a press statement noting a study which showed that abstinence only education was not effective in preventing teen pregnancy. The following day, Senator Menenedez released another statement noting his introduction and support for the Teen Pregnancy Prevention, Responsibility and Opportunity Act.

 

The Nelson Amendment

In December of 2009, Senator Menendez spoke on the Senate floor about his opposition to efforts to limit access to reproductive rights. The Nelson amendment sought to clarify that no tax payer money would go to fund abortion. Senator Menendez strongly opposed this amendment. He refers to these efforts as turning back the clock.

 

Voting Record

Amendment - Funds to coercive abortions

On March 2, 2009, Senator Wicker submitted amendment SA 607. The amendment was made to the omnibus appropriations act for fiscal year 2009, and it sought to ensure that money which was sent to the United Nations from the US was not used in programs the sought to limit populations through forced sterilization or coercive abortion. The amendment specifically mentions the programs in China. Most Republicans supported the amendment and most Democrats opposed it. The amendment failed 55-39. Robert Menendez voted against the amendment to prevent aid funds from being used for coercive abortions.

Robert Menendez voted against the amendment to prevent aid funds from being used for coercive abortions.

Amendment - SCHIP and unborn children

On March 14, 2008 the Senate attempted to pass an amendment to the congressional budget for 2008. The amendment was to clarify the definition of a child for SCHIP purposes. SCHIP is the State Children\'s Health Insurance Program. The program covers children up to the age of 18 with health care. Although the program is funded by the federal government, implementation of the program is left up to the states. Many states provide health care to pregnant women above the age of 18, but justify the care as necessary for the health of the unborn child. This amendment sought to clarify such legislation by establishing a sets of codes for when such care can be given by the states. It is an attempt to put into writing when the pregnancy is considered a "child" and therefore enters into the realm of abortion as designating an embryo as a child for the purposes of giving it care under SCHIP would also imply that an abortion at or later than that time would amount to the killing of a child, and not an undefined mass of cells. The amendment failed to pass with most Republicans supporting it and most Democrats opposing it in roll call 81. Those supporting the bill can be seen as attempting to establish when the definition of a "child" can be given to a developing fetus. Robert Menendez voted against the amendment to define a child for SCHIP purposes.

Robert Menendez voted against the amendment to define a child for SCHIP purposes.

Amendment - Funding for enforcement

Congress has passed laws which prohibit an adult from taking a minor across state lines when the state laws require parental consent for an abortion. On March 13, 2008 the Senate voted on an amendment for funding of "vigorous enforcement" of the law. The amendment got the support of most Republicans and the opposition of most Democrats. If failed in a 49-49 vote. Robert Menendez voted against the amendment to provide funding to enforce abortion laws.

Robert Menendez voted against the amendment to provide funding to enforce abortion laws.

Amendment to Prohibit Funds

In October of 2007, the Senate voted on an amendment to prohibit funds from being dispersed to groups that encourage or perform abortions. The measure failed to pass the Senate 41-52. Robert Menendez voted against the amendment.

Robert Menendez voted against the amendment.

Amendment - funds to abortion providers

Senator Sam Brownback of Kansas placed an amendment into the Consolidated Appropriations spending bill to ensure that funding did not go to groups that may support coercive abortion. The amendment failed in a 48-45 vote. Robert Menendez voted against the amendment to ensure that funding does not go to abortion providers.

Robert Menendez voted against the amendment to ensure that funding does not go to abortion providers.

Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act

The second vote on the legislation came as the bill returned from the US House. In roll call 263, supporters of the bill failed to get the 60 votes required for cloture. The bill did not proceed further as most Republicans supported the legislation and most Democrats oppossed it. Robert Menendez oppossed the Notification Act by voting against cloture.

Robert Menendez oppossed the Notification Act by voting against cloture.

Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act

There have been 2 votes in the Senate concerning the Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act S 403. The Act prohibited transporting a minor child across a state line to obtain an abortion. There was an exception in the bill if the life of the mother was at risk, and those transporting the minor could not be prosecuted if there was reason to believe that the transporters were under the impression that permission had been given from the minor\'s parents. The first vote on this bill came as the bill passed through the Senate. The bill passed the senate in a 54-34 vote with most Republicans supporting it, and about 1/3 of Democrats supporting it. Robert Menendez voted against the Notification Act.

Robert Menendez voted against the Notification Act.

Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act

In April of 2005, the house passed the Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. The measure sought to amend the federal criminal code to prohibit transporting a minor across a state line to obtain an abortion.The measure passed the house in roll call 144, but no vote was taken in the Senate. Robert Menendez voted against the Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act.

Robert Menendez voted against the Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act.

Laci and Connors Law

The unborn victims of violence law was also called Laci and Connor\'s law. The law stated that anyone who harmed a fetus in utero was guilty of a seperate offense, provided they knew the victim was pregnant and intended to harm the unborn child. The bill was supported by most Republicans and oppossed by most Democrats in a 254-163 vote. Robert Menendez cast a "No Vote"

Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act

In October of 2003, the House passed the Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 281-142 vote. In this particular vote, the House agreed to the conference report from the Senate. Robert Menendez voted against the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act.

Robert Menendez voted against the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act.

Partial Birth Abortion

In June of 2003, the House passed the partial birth abortion ban act. The legislation sought to to prohibit any physician or other individual from knowingly performing a partial-birth abortion, except when necessary to save the life of a mother that is endangered by a physical disorder, illness, or injury. Although it passed in the house, it was not brought to a vote in the Senate. Robert Menendez voted against the Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003.

Robert Menendez voted against the Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003.

Child Custody Protection Act

The Child Custody Protection Act amended the Federal criminal code to prohibit transporting an individual under age 18 across a State line to obtain an abortion. The Act passed the House in a 260-161 vote, but did this particular bill did not come up for a vote in the Senate. Robert Menendez voted against the Child Custody Protection Act.

Robert Menendez voted against the Child Custody Protection Act.

Abortion Non-Discrimination Act of 2002

In September of 2002, the House passed the Abortion Non-Discrimination Act of 2002 229-189. This legislation prohibited the Federal Government, and any State or local government that receives Federal financial assistance, from discriminating against any health care entity because the entity refuses to provide coverage of, or pay for, induced abortions. Robert Menendez voted against the Abortion Non-Discrimination Act of 2002.

Robert Menendez voted against the Abortion Non-Discrimination Act of 2002.

Unborn Victims of Violence Act

In April of 2001, the House voted on the Unborn victims of violence act to enact punishment for federal crimes committed against a mother and her fetus. The measure passed the House 252-172 but was not voted on in the Senate. Robert Menendez voted against the Unborn Victims of Violence Act.

Robert Menendez voted against the Unborn Victims of Violence Act.

Mexico City Policy

The amendment in question sought to preserve the "Mexico City" policy which prohibited funds to foreign organizations that promote abortions. A vote in favor of the amendment was a vote to preserve the rule. A vote against the amendment was a vote to abolish the policy. The Amendment had a 218-210 vote. Robert Menendez voted against the Mexico City Polity Amendment.

Robert Menendez voted against the Mexico City Polity Amendment.

Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2000

In April of 2000, the House passed the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2000 287-141. The legislation made it a crime to perform a partial-birth abortion. Robert Menendez voted against the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2000.

Robert Menendez voted against the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2000.

Unborn Victims of Violence Act

In September of 1999, the House voted on the Unborn victims of violence act to enact punishment for federal crimes committed against a mother and her fetus. The measure passed the House 254-172 but was not voted on in the Senate. Robert Menendez voted against the Unborn Victims of Violence Act.

Robert Menendez voted against the Unborn Victims of Violence Act.

Child Custody Protection Act

In June of 1999, the House passed the Child Custody Protection Act 270-159. The legislation sought to prohibit transporting an individual under age 18 across a State line to obtain an abortion. Robert Menendez voted against the Child Custody Protection Act.

Robert Menendez voted against the Child Custody Protection Act.

Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act

296-132. The legislation sought to prohibit any physician from knowingly performing a partial-birth abortion unless it is necessary to save the life of the mother. Robert Menendez voted against the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act.

Robert Menendez voted against the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act.

Child Custody Protection Act

In July of 1998, the House passed the Child Custody Protection Act 276-150. The legislation sought to prohibit and set penalties for transporting an individual under age 18 across a State line to obtain an abortion. Robert Menendez voted against the Child Custody Protection Act.

Robert Menendez voted against the Child Custody Protection Act.

Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act

In March of 1997, the House passed the Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act 295-136. The legislation did not have enough votes to overturn a veto. Robert Menendez voted against the ban.

Robert Menendez voted against the ban.

Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act

In November of 1995, the House passed the Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act 288-139. The legislation was eventually vetoed by President Bush. Robert Menendez voted against the partial birth abortion ban.

Robert Menendez voted against the partial birth abortion ban.

 

Sponsored and Cosponsored Legislation

Session-111; Bill Number-S 21; Prevention First Act - Cosponsor

Title X Family Planning Services Act of 2009 - Authorizes appropriations for family planning services grants and contracts under the Public Health Service Act (PHSA). Equity in Prescription Insurance and Contraceptive Coverage Act of 2007 [sic]- Amends the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) and PHSA to prohibit a group health plan from excluding or restricting benefits for prescription contraceptive drugs, devices, and outpatient services if the plan provides benefits for other outpatient prescription drugs, devices, or outpatient services. Applies such prohibitions to coverage offered in the individual market. Emergency Contraception Education Act of 2009 - Directs the Secretary of Health and Human Services to develop and disseminate information on emergency contraception to the public and to health care providers. Compassionate Assistance for Rape Emergencies Act of 2009 - Requires hospitals, as a condition of receiving federal funds, to offer and to provide, upon request, emergency contraception to victims of sexual assault. At-Risk Communities Teen Pregnancy Prevention Act of 2009 - Authorizes the Secretary to award grants for teenage pregnancy prevention programs. Requires the Secretary to award grants for teenage pregnancy prevention research. Truth in Contraception Act of 2009 - Requires that any information concerning the use of a contraceptive provided through specified federally funded education programs be medically accurate and include health benefits and failure rates. Unintended Pregnancy Reduction Act of 2009 - Amends title XIX (Medicaid) of the Social Security Act to expand Medicaid's coverage of family planning services. Responsible Education About Life Act of 2009 - Requires the Secretary to make grants to states for family life education, including education on abstinence and contraception, to prevent teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Prevention Through Affordable Access Act - Expands Medicaid rebates to manufacturers for the sale of covered outpatient drugs at nominal prices to include sales to student health care facilities and entities offering family planning services.

Session-111; Bill Number-S 611; Responsible Education About Life Act - Cosponsor

Authorizes the Secretary of Health and Human Services to make grants to states for sex education programs, including education on abstinence and contraception, to prevent teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Expresses the sense of Congress that states are encouraged, although not required, to provide matching funds to receive such grants. Requires the Secretary to provide for a national evaluation of a representative sample of such programs for effectiveness in delaying the initiation of sexual intercourse and other high-risk behaviors, preventing pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease, and increasing contraceptive knowledge and behavior. Requires states receiving such grants to provide for an individual evaluation of the state's program by an external, independent entity. Prohibits such programs from discriminating on the basis of sex, race, ethnicity, national origin, disability, religion, sexual orientation, or gender identity.

Session-110; Bill Number-S 1173; Freedom of Choice Act - Cosponsor

A bill to protect, consistent with Roe v. Wade, a woman's freedom to choose to bear a child or terminate a pregnancy, and for other purposes.

Session-109; Bill Number-S 2593; Freedom of Choice Act - Cosponsor

A bill to protect, consistent with Roe v. Wade, a woman's freedom to choose to bear a child or terminate a pregnancy, and for other purposes.

Session-110; Bill Number-S 21; Prevention First Act - Title X Family Planning Services Act of 2007 - Cosponsor

A bill to expand access to preventive health care services that help reduce unintended pregnancy, reduce abortions, and improve access to women's health care.

Session-112; Bill Number-S 1415; Access to Birth Control Act - Cosponsor

Amends the Public Health Service Act to require pharmacies to comply with certain rules related to contraceptives, including: (1) providing a customer a contraceptive without delay if it is in stock; (2) immediately informing a customer if the contraceptive is not in stock and either transferring the prescription to a pharmacy that has the contraceptive in stock or expediting the ordering of the contraceptive and notifying the customer when it arrives, based on customer preference, except for pharmacies that do not ordinarily stock contraceptives in the normal course of business; and (3) ensuring that pharmacy employees do not take certain actions relating to a request for contraception, including intimidating, threatening, or harassing customers, interfering with or obstructing the delivery of services, intentionally misrepresenting or deceiving customers about the availability of contraception or its mechanism of action, breaching or threatening to breach medical confidentiality, or refusing to return a valid, lawful prescription. Provides that a pharmacy is not prohibited from refusing to provide a contraceptive to a customer if: (1) it is unlawful to dispense the contraceptive to the customer without a valid, lawful prescription and no such prescription is presented; (2) the customer is unable to pay for the contraceptive; or (3) the employee of the pharmacy refuses to provide the contraceptive on the basis of a professional clinical judgment. Provides that this Act does not preempt state law or any professional obligation of a state board that provides greater protections for customers. Sets forth civil penalties and establishes a a private cause of action for violations of this Act.

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