Olympia Snowe on Homeland Security

Last Updated : Jan 31, 2011

Summary

Senator Snowe has called for an independent Inspector General to oversee all of the intelligence departments and coordinate among the various IGs for each department. She stated that doing so would greatly enhance the overall performance of our intelligence agencies by bringing improved oversight and accountability.

In 2004, Senator Snowe agreed with the 9/11 commission reports and stated that the Commission will be in vain if we fail to heed their call to fundamentally reform our Intelligence Community as well as our oversight from Congress.

In 2006, Senator Snowe supported the Terrorist Surveillance Act. Under the Terrorist Surveillance Act, the President is given the limited authority to conduct surveillance of the international communications of terrorists for 45 days. To engage in such surveillance, the President must have probable cause to believe that the target of surveillance is a member of or affiliated with a terrorist organization. And, he must believe that the surveillance is necessary to protect the United States from a terrorist attack. Under the bill, the President is permitted to reauthorize the Terrorist Surveillance Program every 45 days.

In 2008, Senator Snowe supported the FISA legislation update and stated that the law legislation is a marked improvement over the Protect America Act.

 

Call for an Independent Inspector General for Intelligence

In June of 2004, Senator Snowe released a press statement noting legislation she was introducing to create a separate office of Inspector General for all of the Intelligence departments. At the time, each department had their own inspector general with no oversight.

 

The 9/11 Report

In July of 2004, Senator Snowe released a press statement noting the 9//11 report.

 

Terrorist Surveillance Act of 2006

In March of 2006, Senator Snowe released a press statement noting legislation that she was cosponsoring entitled the Terrorist Surveillance Act of 2006.

 

FISA Passage

In July of 2008, Senator Snowe released a statement noting her support for the passage of FISA reauthorization legislation.

 

Voting Record

Arrest and Detention of US Citizens - Final Passage

In November of 2011, the Senate voted on the conference report for the Defense appropriations act for 2012 - HR 1540. This final version of the legislation passed 86-13. Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the legislation.

Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the legislation.

Arrest and Detention of US Citizens - Senate Passage

In November of 2011, the Senate voted on the Defense appropriations act for 2012 - S 1867. Part of that legislation was a provision to express the authorization of the military to arrest and indefinitely detain US citizens. The only requirement for this was that the person be suspected of allying with al-Qaida. The legislation passed 93-7. Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the legislation.

Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the legislation.

Arrest and Detention of US Citizens - Cloture

In November of 2011, the Senate voted on the Defense appropriations act for 2012 - S 1867. Part of that legislation was a provision to express the authorization of the military to arrest and indefinitely detain US citizens. The only requirement for this was that the person be suspected of allying with al-Qaida. The cloture motion passed 88-12. Olympia Snowe voted in favor of cloture to allow the bill to be considered.

Olympia Snowe voted in favor of cloture to allow the bill to be considered.

Arrest and Detention of US Citizens - Udall Amendment to Repeal Provision

In November of 2011, the Senate voted on the Defense appropriations bill. This legislation contained provisions to allow for the arrest and indefinite detention of US citizens if they were merely suspected of allying with al-Qaida. Senator Udall offered an amendment to remove this specific section. The attempt failed 38-60. Olympia Snowe voted against the Udall amendment to repeal the authorization for the arrest and indefinate detention of US citizens.

Olympia Snowe voted against the Udall amendment to repeal the authorization for the arrest and indefinate detention of US citizens.

FISA Amendment Acts of 2007

In February of 2008, the Senate voted on the FISA Amendment Acts of 2007. The legislation passed the Senate with bipartisan support 68-29, but was never raised in the House. The legislation primarily contained provisions to allow for the monitoring of terrorists overseas that were a continuation of expired provisions in the Protect America Act. It also granted immunity to telecommunications companies against their customers for giving information to the government without a warrant. Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the FISA Amendment Acts of 2007.

Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the FISA Amendment Acts of 2007.

Restore Habeas Corpus

In September of 2009, the Senate voted on an amendment to restore habeas corpus rights to the prisoners a Guantanamo Bay. The measure received a majority of the votes, but not enough to pass. Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the measure to restore habeas corpus rights to the prisoners.

Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the measure to restore habeas corpus rights to the prisoners.

Protect America Act of 2007

The Protect America Act of 2007 dealt with certain aspects of electronic surveillance and the overall war on terror. In the vote to pass the legislation, most Republicans supported the bill and only about 1/3 of the Democrats supported the legislation. Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the Protect America Act of 2007.

Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the Protect America Act of 2007.

Military Commission Act of 2006

The Military Commissions Act passed in response to a supreme court ruling which stated that stated that military tribunals established by the Bush administrations did not align with the UCMJ. The Act defined unlawful enemy combatants and allowed for the military tribunals to be held. It passed the Senate 65-34. Olympia Snowe cast a "No Vote"

USA PATRIOT Reauthorization Act

In March of 2006, congress reauthorized the USA PATRIOT Act. Despite the fact that the PATRIOT Act had become a controversial topic, only 4 Senators opposed the act in the actual vote. Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the USA PATRIOT Reauthorization Act.

Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the USA PATRIOT Reauthorization Act.

Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004

In October of 2004, congress passed the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004. The act was meant to reform national intelligence, and it created the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. The act passed the Senate with only 2 dissenting votes. Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004.

Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004.

The Homeland Security Act of 2002

In November 2002, the Senate passed the Homeland Security Act of 2002. Among other things, the act created the Department of Homeland Security, and set forth the jurisdiction of that department. In the vote, almost all Republicans supported the legislation and only a small percentage of Democrats opposed it. Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the Homeland Security Act of 2002.

Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the Homeland Security Act of 2002.

The Patriot Act

In October of 2001, Congress passed the USA PATRIOT Act. Although the act passed the senate with 1 dissenting vote and 1 \"No Vote\", it has become one of the more divisive pieces of legislation. This is partly due to the expansion of governmental wiretapping privileges. Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the PATRIOT Act.

Olympia Snowe voted in favor of the PATRIOT Act.

Authorization for the Use of Force

Three days after the attacks of September 11, the senate authorized the use of military force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001. The vote was unanimous. Olympia Snowe voted to give President Bush the Authorization for the use of force.

Olympia Snowe voted to give President Bush the Authorization for the use of force.

 

Sponsored and Cosponsored Legislation

This representative has not been identified as sponsoring or cosponsoring significant legislation related to this title.

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