Richard Lugar on International Aid

Last Updated : May 01, 2012

Summary

International aid, especially in food, is one of Senator Lugar's primary areas of focus. He is a strong and vocal supporter of aid programs and the establishment and use of international bodies to assist in funding and fighting hunger through fighting climate change and agricultural trends. He also supports the use of foreign aid and food supplies as a mechanism to further US foreign policy.

In 2008, Senator Lugar strongly supported a $48 billion dollar support plan for the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). He stated that the program had yielded enormous foreign policy benefits by preventing instability and societal collapse in a number of at-risk countries, stimulating contributions from other wealthy nations to fight AIDS, facilitating deep partnerships with a new generation of African leaders, and improving attitudes toward the United States in Africa and other regions.

In 2008 and 2009, Senator Lugar supported the Global Food Security Act. He asserted that while food insecurity is a global tragedy, it is also an opportunity for the United States to join with other nations to increase yields, improve food distribution, and broaden agricultural knowledge with the goal of beginning a new era in U.S. diplomacy. He stated that such an effort could solidify relationships with nations where, up to now, we have had few positive contacts. The legislation in question would have created a Special Coordinator for Global Food Security, authorized funding for and created a separate Emergency Food Assistance Fund.

While in office, Senator Lugar has co-sponsored several pieces of legislation aimed at increasing international aid efforts, and in particular supporting USAID and excusing the debt of impoverished nations. This includes the African Development Fund Replenishment Act of 2009, the Reconstruction and Stabilization Civilian Management Act of 2007, the Social Investment and Economic Development for the Americas Act of 2007, and the Multilateral Debt Relief Act of 2005.

 

Corruption at World Bank Project

In March of 2008, Senator Lugar released a press statement noting a letter to the GAO calling for an investigation into the food programs at the world bank. Senator Lugar notes that the World Bank’s International Development Association (IDA) is requesting an increase in funds from $950 million to $1.27 billion and he asserts that more oversight is needed to combat corruption to ensure that the money already being allocated is not stolen.

 

Support for PEPFAR

In July of 2008, Senator Lugar released a press statement noting his support for the PEPFAR program and the passage of legislation to continue and increase funding. The US Global Leadership Act Against AIDS Tuberloculosis and Malaria authorized $48 billion for PEPFAR, and Senator Lugar stated that the program had yielded enormous foreign policy benefits, by preventing instability and societal collapse in a number of at-risk countries, stimulating contributions from other wealthy nations to fight AIDS, facilitated deep partnerships with a new generation of African leaders, and improved attitudes toward the United States in Africa and other regions.

 

Global Food Security Act of 2008

In September of 2008, Senator Lugar released a press statement noting his introduction of the Global Food Security Act of 2008. In the statement, Senator Lugar asserts that while food insecurity is a global tragedy, it is also an opportunity for the United States to join with other nations to increase yields, improve food distribution, and broaden agricultural knowledge with the goal of beginning a new era in U.S. diplomacy. He stated that such an effort could solidify relationships with nations where, up to now, we have had few positive contacts.

The legislation creates a Special Coordinator for Global Food Security, authorizes additional resources for agricultural productivity and rural development, and creates a separate Emergency Food Assistance Fund.

 

Global Food Security Act of 2009

In April of 2009, Senator Lugar released a press statement noting President Obama's commitment to provisions of the Global Food Security Act of 2009. In the statement, Senator Lugar asserts that alleviating hunger and poverty is a foreign policy imperative. He states that climate changes could cause water and food shortages that cause large migrations of people and food riots.

 

Purdue Agriculture/Alumni Fish Fry

In February of 2010, Senator Lugar released a press statement noting a speech he gave at the Purdue Agriculture/Alumni Fish Fry. In this speech, Senator Lugar outlines his views on population, food security, and how the US can lead the world in developing new agricultural techniques to feed the people of the world.

 

SID Speech

In January of 2010, Senator Lugar spoke at the SID in Washington and delivered a major address on foreign aid.

 

Sponsored and Cosponsored Legislation

Session-110; Bill Number-S 2433; Global Poverty Act of 2007 - Cosponsor

A bill to require the President to develop and implement a comprehensive strategy to further the United States foreign policy objective of promoting the reduction of global poverty, the elimination of extreme global poverty, and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goal of reducing by one-half the proportion of people worldwide, between 1990 and 2015, who live on less than $1 per day.

Session-111; Bill Number-S 955; African Development Fund Replenishment Act of 2009 - Cosponsor

A bill to authorize United States participation in, and appropriations for the United States contribution to, the African Development Fund and the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative, to require budgetary disclosures by multilateral development banks, to encourage multilateral development banks to endorse the principles of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, and for other purposes.

Session-111; Bill Number-S Res 312; USAID Administrator - Cosponsor

>Expresses the sense of the Senate that: (1) a highly knowledgeable individual should be nominated to serve as the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID); (2) the Administrator should serve as the chief advocate for U.S. development capacity and strategy; (3) USAID must be empowered to be the primary U.S. development agency; (4) the Administrator should increase the total number of full-time Foreign Service Officers employed by USAID; and (5) the Administrator should submit a strategy to Congress that includes training and staffing plans, resource and statutory requirements, and a plan to prevent assistance funds from going to persons or organizations that advocate or engage in international terrorism.

Session-110; Bill Number-S 613; Reconstruction and Stabilization Civilian Management Act of 2007 - Prime Sponsor

An Act to provide for the development, as a core mission of the Department of State and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), of an expert civilian response capability to carry out stabilization and reconstruction activities in a country or region that is in, or is in transition from, conflict or civil strife.

Session-110; Bill Number-S 2120; Social Investment and Economic Development for the Americas Act of 2007 - Cosponsor

A bill to authorize the establishment of a Social Investment and Economic Development Fund for the Americas to provide assistance to reduce poverty, expand the middle class, and foster increased economic opportunity in the countries of the Western Hemisphere, and for other purposes.

Session-110; Bill Number-S 2433; Global Poverty Act of 2007 - Cosponsor

A bill to require the President to develop and implement a comprehensive strategy to further the United States foreign policy objective of promoting the reduction of global poverty, the elimination of extreme global poverty, and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goal of reducing by one-half the proportion of people worldwide, between 1990 and 2015, who live on less than $1 per day.

Session-110; Bill Number-S 3168; International Development Association Replenishment Act of 2008 - Cosponsor

A bill to authorize United States participation in the replenishment of resources of the International Development Association, and for other purposes.

Session-109; Bill Number-S 850; Global Health Corps Act of 2005 - Cosponsor

Establishes the Office of the Global Health Corp within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to assist in improving the health, welfare, and development of communities in foreign countries and regions through the provision of health care personnel, items, and related services. Directs the Secretary of HHS to establish the Global Health Corps to: (1) improve the heath, welfare, and development of communities in select foreign countries and regions; (2) advance U.S. public diplomacy in such locations; and (3) provide individuals in the United States with the opportunity to serve such communities by providing a broad range of needed health care and related services. Requires that Corp participants be available to provide: (1) health care items and related services; (2) preventive care, treatment, and services; (3) veterinary and related services; and (4) sanitation, hygiene, food preparation, and clean water training. Requires the Director of the Global Health Corps to establish and carry out a program to provide members of the Corps with training in a variety of health care disciplines. Requires the head of the Volunteers for Prosperity program to establish the Health Care for Peace initiative to make non-Federal volunteers available to participate in the Corps. Permits members of the Public Health Service and volunteers in the Peace Corps to participate in the Global Health Corps. Allows the Director to establish private-public partnerships to further the purpose of this Act.

Session-109; Bill Number-S 1320; Multilateral Debt Relief Act of 2005 - Cosponsor

Authorizes: (1) the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. executive director of each international financial institution (the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Inter-American Development Bank, the African Development Bank, and the African Development Fund) to reach an agreement among the shareholders to permanently cancel 100 percent of the debts owed to each such institution by an eligible country (as defined by this Act); and (2) appropriations for the U.S. contribution to such agreement if other members of the international financial institutions contribute funds for such purpose. Expresses the sense of Congress that the Secretary should pursue additional bilateral and multilateral debt relief for each country eligible for International Development Association grants. Amends the International Development Association Act to authorize, and authorize appropriations for, the U.S. Governor of the Association to contribute necessary sums to the fourteenth replenishment of the Association. Amends the African Development Fund Act to authorize, and authorize appropriations for, The U.S. Governor of the Fund to contribute necessary sums to the tenth replenishment of the Fund. Authorizes appropriations to fulfill U.S. commitments to the Enhanced HIPC Initiative (as defined by this Act).

Session-106; Bill Number-S 1690; Debt Relief for Poor Countries Act of 1999 - Cosponsor

A bill to require the United States to take action to provide bilateral debt relief, and improve the provision of multilateral debt relief, in order to give a fresh start to poor countries.

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