Unions

Summary

Unions in the United States has become a central issue with the effort in Wisconsin to remove collective bargaining for government employees and President Obama's involvement with the SEIU and UAW. Typically, whether or not a company's workforce wants to unionize is not a matter of federal lawmaking. However, starting after the Democrats took the majority in the House and Senate in 2006, they began to push the Employee Free Choice Act (EFCA).

Current law in the US asserts that once at least 30% of a company's work force has signed a card certifying their desire to form a union, a secret ballot election must be held. The employer can still request that secret election even if a majority of employees sign cards signifying their intent to organize with a union. The EFCA ends that provision so that if 50% or more sign cards, a union can be formed. This has led to Republicans referring to the legislation as "card check" in that union bosses could check the cards of workers and intimidate them into signing it.

After a union is certified, the EFCA allows the union to require the company to begin negotiations within 10 days and allows either side to take the dispute to the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service after 90 days. This measure was in response to data that showed that 44% of newly formed unions never sign a first contract. The employer delays for one year and then calls for a new election in which the union is defeated.

Finally, the EFCA would make the National Labor Relations Board seek injunctions against employers who discriminate against employees who attempt to organize a union.

In response to this action, Republicans have introduced the Secret Ballot Protection Act (APBA). This legislation would ensure that a secret ballot election would be required in each company before a union can be organized to represent that work force.

Both the EFCA and the SBPA have been introduced numerous times since 2006, but the only vote on either piece of legislation was the EFCA vote in 2007. That vote passed the House and garnered a majority in the Senate, but did not receive enough support to pass a cloture vote. Republicans have also introduced a National Right to Work Act, that has not been voted on in either chamber.

The National Right to Work law would pass national legislation which would mirror laws passed in 24 states. This law prevents a union from requiring union membership as a condition of employment.

In recent years, there has been a great deal of debate surrounding the ability of public workers to collectively bargain as unions. Historically, public unions were discouraged as the ability of the state to pay is not limited by competition or income, and the temptation of politicians to make promises to garner votes is too high. Currently, there are 5 states that prohibit collective bargaining for public workers, and 11 in which it is allowed but not required.

 

Legislation

 

Employee Free Choice Act of 2007 Official Summary Bill Text
Secret Ballot Protection Act of 2011 Official Summary Bill Text
National Right to Work Act Official Summary BIll Text

 

Components of the Employee Free Choice Act

The Employee Free Choice Act is legislation that the Democratic party has been attempting to enact since 2007. The legislation is geared at making it easier for groups to form unions and had three main components of the legislation.

  • Current law states that once at least 30% of a company's work force has signed a card certifying their desire to form a union, a secret election must be held. The employer can still request that secret election even if a majority of employees sign cards signifying their intent to organize with a union. The EFCA ends that provision so that if 50% or more sign cards, a union can be formed.
  • After a union is certified, the EFCA allows the union to require the company to begin negotiations within 10 days and allows either side to take the dispute to the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service after 90 days. This measure was in response to data that showed that 44% of newly formed unions never sign a first contract. The employer delays for one year and then calls for a new election in which the union is defeated.
  • The final component of the legislation would have made the National Labor Relations Board seek injunctions against employers who discriminate against employees who attempt to organize a union.

 

EFCA - Card Check

The first component of the EFCA is what causes opponents to refer to the legislation as "Card Check." Section 2 of the legislation states that if the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) finds that a majority of employees have signed valid authorizations, then the NLRB will not call for a secret election but rather certify the union as the representing organization.

This section has led critics to refer to the law as "Card Check" as union representatives can approach each member of the work place individually and ask them if they wish to join a union. This would lead to a situation where pressure is placed on people to sign cards with union officials "checking" their signatures. The employees would have no chance to vote against a union in a secret election. 

SEC. 2. STREAMLINING UNION CERTIFICATION.

(a) IN GENERAL.—Section 9(c) of the National Labor Relations Act (29 U.S.C. 159(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘‘(6) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, whenever a petition shall have been filed by an employee or group of employees or any individual or labor organization acting in their behalf alleging that a majority of employees in a unit appropriate for the purposes of collective bargaining wish to be represented by an individual or labor organization for such purposes, the Board shall investigate the petition. If the Board finds that a majority of the employees in a unit appropriate for bargaining has signed valid authorizations designating the individual or labor organization specified in the petition as their bargaining representative and that no other individual or labor organization is currently certified or recognized as the exclusive representative of any of the employees in the unit, the Board shall not direct an election but shall certify the individual or labor organization as the representative described in subsection (a).

 

EFCA - Initial Collective Bargaining Agreements

The AFLCIO cites a study by John Paul Ferguson at MIT in claiming that 44% of newly formed unions fail to achieve their first negotiated contract with a company. This is because the employers delay negotiations and drag them out for at least one year, when another election is possible. In the next election, the demoralized workers often vote against the creation of a union.

Section 3 of the legislation deals with facilitating initial collective bargaining agreements. The law requires that companies and unions must meet within 10 days of the certification of the union and that if a new union and an employer are bargaining for their first contract and are unable to reach an agreement within 90 days, either party may request mediation by the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service (FMCS). It further states that if after 30 days of mediation there is still no agreement, the dispute is referred to binding arbitration.

‘‘(h) Whenever collective bargaining is for the purpose of establishing an initial agreement following certification or recognition, the provisions of subsection (d) shall be modified as follows:

‘‘(1) Not later than 10 days after receiving a written request for collective bargaining from an individual or labor organization that has been newly organized or certified as a representative as defined in section 9(a), or within such further period as the parties agree upon, the parties shall meet and commence to bargain collectively and shall make every reasonable effort to conclude and sign a collective bargaining agreement.

‘‘(2) If after the expiration of the 90-day period beginning on the date on which bargaining is commenced, or such additional period as the parties may agree upon, the parties have failed to reach an agreement, either party may notify the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service of the existence of a dispute and request mediation. Whenever such a request is received, it shall be the duty of the Service promptly to put itself in communication with the parties and to use its best efforts, by mediation and conciliation, to bring them to agreement.

‘‘(3) If after the expiration of the 30-day period beginning on the date on which the request for mediation is made under paragraph (2), or such additional period as the parties may agree upon, the Service is not able to bring the parties to agreement by conciliation, the Service shall refer the dispute to an arbitration board established in accordance with such regulations as may be prescribed by the Service. The arbitration panel shall render a decision settling the dispute and such decision shall be binding upon the parties for a period of 2 years, unless amended during such period by written consent of the parties.’’.

 

EFCA - Enforcement

The final section of the legislation deals with punishing employers who retaliate against workers seeking to form unions. It prescribes back pay for the employee that was punished and civil penalties of $20,000 for each infringement.

SEC. 4. STRENGTHENING ENFORCEMENT.

(a) INJUNCTIONS AGAINST UNFAIR LABOR PRACTICES DURING ORGANIZING DRIVES.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Section 10(l) of the National Labor Relations Act (29 U.S.C. 160(l)) is amended—

 (A) in the second sentence, by striking ‘‘If, after such’’ and inserting the following: ‘‘(2) If, after such’’; and (B) by striking the first sentence and inserting the following:

 ‘‘(1) Whenever it is charged— ‘‘(A) that any employer— ‘‘(i) discharged or otherwise discriminated against an employee in violation of subsection (a)(3) of section 8;

 ‘‘(ii) threatened to discharge or to otherwise discriminate against an employee in violation of subsection (a)(1) of section 8; or ‘‘(iii) engaged in any other unfair labor practice within the meaning of subsection (a)(1)that significantly interferes with, restrains, or coerces employees in the exercise of the rights guaranteed in section 7; while employees of that employer were seeking representation by a labor organization or during the period after a labor organization was recognized as a representative defined in section 9(a) until the first collective bargaining contract is entered into between the employer and the representative; or ‘‘(B) that any person has engaged in an unfair labor practice within the meaning of subparagraph (A), (B) or (C) of section 8(b)(4), section 8(e), or section 8(b)(7); the preliminary investigation of such charge shall be made forthwith and given priority over all other cases except cases of like character in the office where it is filed or to which it is referred.’’.

(2) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—Section 10(m) of the National Labor Relations Act (29 U.S.C. 160(m)) is amended by inserting ‘‘under circumstances not subject to section 10(l)’’ after ‘‘section 8’’.

(b) REMEDIES FOR VIOLATIONS.—

(1) BACKPAY.—Section 10(c) of the National Labor Relations Act (29 U.S.C. 160(c)) is amended by striking ‘‘And provided further,’’ and inserting ‘‘Provided further, That if the Board finds that an employer has discriminated against an employee in violation of subsection (a)(3) of section 8 while employees of the employer were seeking representation by a labor organization, or during the period after a labor organization was recognized as a representative defined in subsection (a) of section 9 until the first collective bargaining contract was entered into between the employer and the representative, the Board in such order shall award the employee back pay and, in addition, 2 times that amount as liquidated damages: Provided further,’’.

(2) CIVIL PENALTIES.—Section 12 of the National Labor Relations Act (29 U.S.C. 162) is amended—
 (A) by striking ‘‘Any’’ and inserting ‘‘(a) Any’’; and (B) by adding at the end the following:

‘‘(b) Any employer who willfully or repeatedly commits any unfair labor practice within the meaning of subsections (a)(1) or (a)(3) of section 8 while employees of the employer are seeking representation by a labor organization or during the period after a labor organization has been recognized as a representative defined in subsection (a) of section 9 until the first collective bargaining contract is entered into between the employer and the representative shall, in addition to any make-whole remedy ordered, be subject to a civil penalty of not to exceed $20,000 for each violation. In determining the amount of any penalty under this section, the Board shall consider the gravity of the unfair labor practice and the impact of the unfair labor practice on the charging party, on other persons seeking to exercise rights guaranteed by this Act, or on the public interest.’’.

 

Employee Free Choice Act of 2007

In 2007, Congress attempted to pass the Employee Free Choice Act. The legislation passed the House along mostly party lines, but failed to achieve the 60 votes necessary to overcome a filibuster in the Senate.

 

States with Right to Work Laws

Numeorus states have passed laws that prevent a union from forcing an employee to be part of that union as a condition of employment. These states include Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Guam, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, and Wyoming.

States with forced unions laws
Right to Work States

 

States with Collective Bargaining Laws

Many states require that their public employees, such as teachers and other government employees, collectively bargain for their pay and benefits. Other states allow such collective bargaining, but do not require it or prevent it. In some states, it is illegal for government employees to collectively bargain for benefits and pay.

 

Collective Bargaining is Allowed for Government Employees
Collective Bargaining is Illegal for Government Employees
Collective Bargaining is Required for Government Employees

 

Senate Positions

A Senator's positions on unions overall and on the Employee Free Choice Act can be found in each representative's profile under the 'Unions' tab. In 2007, the House and Senate voted on the EFCA and if the representative was in office at that time, then that vote is used to determine whether or not they support that legislation. Whether or not a Senator co-sponsored the legislation is also used as evidence.

 

Supporters of the Employee Free Choice Act

Bernard SandersIVermont
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Joseph LiebermanIConnecticut
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Jeff MerkleyDOregon
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Jack ReedDRhode Island
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Robert CaseyDPennsylvania
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Ron WydenDOregon
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Sherrod BrownDOhio
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Kent ConradDNorth Dakota
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Charles SchumerDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Jeff BingamanDNew Mexico
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Robert MenendezDNew Jersey
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Sheldon WhitehouseDRhode Island
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Tim JohnsonDSouth Dakota
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Patrick LeahyDVermont
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Kirsten GillibrandDNew York
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Tom UdallDNew Mexico
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Mark BegichDAlaska
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Herbert KohlDWisconsin
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
John RockefellerDWest Virginia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Maria CantwellDWashington
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Patty MurrayDWashington
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
James WebbDVirginia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Frank LautenbergDNew Jersey
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Harry ReidDNevada
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Tom HarkinDIowa
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Richard DurbinDIllinois
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Daniel AkakaDHawaii
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Daniel InouyeDHawaii
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Bill NelsonDFlorida
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Thomas CarperDDelaware
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Barbara BoxerDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Dianne FeinsteinDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Mark PryorDArkansas
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Mary LandrieuDLouisiana
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Barbara MikulskiDMaryland
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Ben NelsonDNebraska
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
Jon TesterDMontana
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Max BaucusDMontana
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Claire McCaskillDMissouri
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Amy KlobucharDMinnesota
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Debbie StabenowDMichigan
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Carl LevinDMichigan
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
John KerryDMassachusetts
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Benjamin CardinDMaryland
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Jeanne ShaheenDNew Hampshire
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act

Opponents of the Employee Free Choice Act

Kay Bailey HutchisonRTexas
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
James InhofeROklahoma
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Tom CoburnROklahoma
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Lindsey GrahamRSouth Carolina
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Jim DeMintRSouth Carolina
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
John ThuneRSouth Dakota
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Lamar AlexanderRTennessee
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Bob CorkerRTennessee
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Orrin HatchRUtah
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Michael EnziRWyoming
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
John BarrassoRWyoming
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Jeff SessionsRAlabama
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Richard ShelbyRAlabama
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Jim RischRIdaho
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Rand PaulRKentucky
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Pat ToomeyRPennsylvania
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Richard BurrRNorth Carolina
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Roger WickerRMississippi
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
John CornynRTexas
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Lisa MurkowskiRAlaska
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
John McCainRArizona
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Jon KylRArizona
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Saxby ChamblissRGeorgia
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Johnny IsaksonRGeorgia
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
Mike CrapoRIdaho
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
Richard LugarRIndiana
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
Charles GrassleyRIowa
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Pat RobertsRKansas
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Mitch McConnellRKentucky
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
David VitterRLouisiana
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Olympia SnoweRMaine
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
Susan CollinsRMaine
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
Thad CochranRMississippi
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Jerry MoranRKansas
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
>

 

House Positions

A Congressman's positions on unions overall and on the Employee Free Choice Act can be found in each representative's profile under the 'Unions' tab. In 2007, the House and Senate voted on the EFCA and if the representative was in office at that time, then that vote is used to determine whether or not they support that legislation. Whether or not a Congressman co-sponsored the legislation is also used as evidence. In the House, an additional piece of legislation was put forward called the Secret Ballot Protection Act which would oppose the EFCA. The House also had legislation to enforce a national right to work that was never brought up for a vote.

 

Supporters of the Employee Free Choice Act

Don YoungRAlaska
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
Thaddeus McCotterRMichigan
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
Frank LoBiondoRNew Jersey
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Christopher SmithRNew Jersey
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Peter KingRNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Steven LaTouretteROhio
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Tim MurphyRPennsylvania
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
Lloyd DoggettDTexas
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Henry CuellarDTexas
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Gene GreenDTexas
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Eddie Bernice JohnsonDTexas
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Ruben HinojosaDTexas
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Silvestre ReyesDTexas
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Charles GonzalezDTexas
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Al GreenDTexas
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Sheila Jackson LeeDTexas
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Ed PastorDArizona
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Raul GrijalvaDArizona
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Gabrielle GiffordsDArizona
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Mike RossDArkansas
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Mike ThompsonDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Doris MatsuiDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Lynn WoolseyDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
George MillerDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Nancy PelosiDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
Barbara LeeDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Anna EshooDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Michael HondaDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Zoe LofgrenDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Sam FarrDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Dennis CardozaDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Jim CostaDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Brad ShermanDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Howard BermanDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Adam SchiffDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Henry WaxmanDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Xavier BecerraDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Lucille Roybal-AllardDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Maxine WatersDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Jerry McNerneyDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Linda SanchezDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Joe BacaDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Loretta SanchezDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Bob FilnerDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Susan DavisDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Pete StarkDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Lois CappsDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Grace NapolitanoDCalifornia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Diana DeGetteDColorado
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Ed PerlmutterDColorado
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Joseph CourtneyDConnecticut
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Christopher MurphyDConnecticut
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Rosa DeLauroDConnecticut
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
John LarsonDConnecticut
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Corrine BrownDFlorida
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Kathy CastorDFlorida
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Debbie Wasserman SchultzDFlorida
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Alcee HastingsDFlorida
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Sanford BishopDGeorgia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Hank JohnsonDGeorgia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
John LewisDGeorgia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
John BarrowDGeorgia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
David ScottDGeorgia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Mazie HironoDHawaii
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Bobby RushDIllinois
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Jesse JacksonDIllinois
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Dan LipinskiDIllinois
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Luis GutierrezDIllinois
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Danny DavisDIllinois
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Janice SchakowskyDIllinois
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Jerry CostelloDIllinois
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Peter ViscloskyDIndiana
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Joe DonnellyDIndiana
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Andre CarsonDIndiana
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
Bruce BraleyDIowa
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Dave LoebsackDIowa
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Leonard BoswellDIowa
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
John YarmuthDKentucky
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Ben ChandlerDKentucky
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Michael MichaudDMaine
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
C.A. RuppersbergerDMaryland
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
John SarbanesDMaryland
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Steny HoyerDMaryland
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Elijah CummingsDMaryland
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Chris Van HollenDMaryland
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
John OlverDMassachusetts
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Richard NealDMassachusetts
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
James McGovernDMassachusetts
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Barney FrankDMassachusetts
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
John TierneyDMassachusetts
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Edward MarkeyDMassachusetts
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Michael CapuanoDMassachusetts
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Stephen LynchDMassachusetts
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Dale KildeeDMichigan
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
John ConyersDMichigan
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
John D. DingellDMichigan
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Sander LevinDMichigan
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Tim WalzDMinnesota
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Betty McCollumDMinnesota
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Keith EllisonDMinnesota
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Collin PetersonDMinnesota
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Bennie ThompsonDMississippi
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Wm. Lacy ClayDMissouri
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Russ CarnahanDMissouri
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Emanuel CleaverDMissouri
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Shelley BerkleyDNevada
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Robert AndrewsDNew Jersey
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Frank PalloneDNew Jersey
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Bill PascrellDNew Jersey
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Steven RothmanDNew Jersey
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Rush HoltDNew Jersey
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Albio SiresDNew Jersey
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Donald PayneDNew Jersey
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Tim BishopDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Steve IsraelDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Carolyn McCarthyDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Gary AckermanDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Joseph CrowleyDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Jerrold NadlerDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Yvette ClarkeDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Charles RangelDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Nydia VelazquezDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Carolyn MaloneyDNew York
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Gregory MeeksDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Jose SerranoDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Eliot EngelDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Nita LoweyDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Maurice HincheyDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Brian HigginsDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Louise SlaughterDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Edolphus TownsDNew York
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
G.K. ButterfieldDNorth Carolina
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Mike McIntyreDNorth Carolina
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
Heath ShulerDNorth Carolina
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Brad MillerDNorth Carolina
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Mel WattDNorth Carolina
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
David PriceDNorth Carolina
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Marcy KapturDOhio
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Dennis KucinichDOhio
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Betty SuttonDOhio
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Tim RyanDOhio
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Earl BlumenauerDOregon
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Peter DeFazioDOregon
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Robert BradyDPennsylvania
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Chaka FattahDPennsylvania
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Jason AltmireDPennsylvania
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Allyson SchwartzDPennsylvania
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Mike DoyleDPennsylvania
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Tim HoldenDPennsylvania
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
James LangevinDRhode Island
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
James ClyburnDSouth Carolina
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Jim CooperDTennessee
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Stephen CohenDTennessee
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Jim MathesonDUtah
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Peter WelchDVermont
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Bobby ScottDVirginia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
James MoranDVirginia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Jay InsleeDWashington
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Rick LarsenDWashington
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Norman DicksDWashington
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Adam SmithDWashington
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Jim McDermottDWashington
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Nick RahallDWest Virginia
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Tammy BaldwinDWisconsin
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Ron KindDWisconsin
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act
Gwen MooreDWisconsin
  • Voted in favor of the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Employee Free Choice Act

Opponents of the Employee Free Choice Act

Michael BurgessRTexas
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
John CarterRTexas
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Pete SessionsRTexas
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Michael McCaulRTexas
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Mike ConawayRTexas
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Kay GrangerRTexas
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
William ThornberryRTexas
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Ron PaulRTexas
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
Lamar SmithRTexas
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Kenny MarchantRTexas
  • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
  • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
Ted PoeRTexas
    Louie GohmertRTexas
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Sam JohnsonRTexas
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Ralph HallRTexas
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Jeb HensarlingRTexas
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Joe BartonRTexas
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    John CulbersonRTexas
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Kevin BradyRTexas
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Randy NeugebauerRTexas
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Trent FranksRArizona
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Jeff FlakeRArizona
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Wally HergerRCalifornia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Dan LungrenRCalifornia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Devin NunesRCalifornia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Kevin McCarthyRCalifornia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Elton GalleglyRCalifornia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Howard McKeonRCalifornia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    David DreierRCalifornia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Ed RoyceRCalifornia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Gary MillerRCalifornia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Ken CalvertRCalifornia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Mary BonoRCalifornia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Dana RohrabacherRCalifornia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    John CampbellRCalifornia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Darrell IssaRCalifornia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Brian BilbrayRCalifornia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Jerry LewisRCalifornia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Doug LambornRColorado
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Jeff MillerRFlorida
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Ander CrenshawRFlorida
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Cliff StearnsRFlorida
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    John MicaRFlorida
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Gus BilirakisRFlorida
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    C.W. Bill YoungRFlorida
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Vern BuchananRFlorida
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Connie MackRFlorida
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Ileana Ros-LehtinenRFlorida
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Mario Diaz-BalartRFlorida
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Jack KingstonRGeorgia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Tom PriceRGeorgia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Paul BrounRGeorgia
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Lynn WestmorelandRGeorgia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Phil GingreyRGeorgia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Mike SimpsonRIdaho
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Peter RoskamRIllinois
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Judy BiggertRIllinois
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Timothy JohnsonRIllinois
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Donald ManzulloRIllinois
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    John ShimkusRIllinois
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Dan BurtonRIndiana
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Mike PenceRIndiana
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Tom LathamRIowa
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Steve KingRIowa
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Edward WhitfieldRKentucky
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Geoff DavisRKentucky
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Harold RogersRKentucky
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Rodney AlexanderRLouisiana
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Charles BoustanyRLouisiana
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Steve ScaliseRLouisiana
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Roscoe BartlettRMaryland
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Dave CampRMichigan
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Fred UptonRMichigan
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Tim WalbergRMichigan
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Michael RogersRMichigan
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Candice MillerRMichigan
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    John KlineRMinnesota
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Michele BachmannRMinnesota
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Todd AkinRMissouri
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Sam GravesRMissouri
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Jo Ann EmersonRMissouri
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Dennis RehbergRMontana
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Jeff FortenberryRNebraska
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Lee TerryRNebraska
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Adrian SmithRNebraska
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Scott GarrettRNew Jersey
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Rodney FrelinghuysenRNew Jersey
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Steve PearceRNew Mexico
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Walter JonesRNorth Carolina
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Virginia FoxxRNorth Carolina
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Howard CobleRNorth Carolina
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Sue MyrickRNorth Carolina
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Patrick McHenryRNorth Carolina
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Steve ChabotROhio
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Jean SchmidtROhio
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Michael TurnerROhio
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Jim JordanROhio
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    John BoehnerROhio
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Pat TiberiROhio
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Bob LattaROhio
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    John SullivanROklahoma
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Frank LucasROklahoma
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Tom ColeROklahoma
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Greg WaldenROregon
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Bill ShusterRPennsylvania
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Joseph PittsRPennsylvania
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Todd PlattsRPennsylvania
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Jim GerlachRPennsylvania
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Charles DentRPennsylvania
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Joe WilsonRSouth Carolina
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    John DuncanRTennessee
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Marsha BlackburnRTennessee
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Rob BishopRUtah
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Randy ForbesRVirginia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Bob GoodlatteRVirginia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Eric CantorRVirginia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Frank WolfRVirginia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Doc HastingsRWashington
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Dave ReichertRWashington
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Cathy McMorrisRWashington
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Shelley Moore CapitoRWest Virginia
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Paul RyanRWisconsin
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    James SensenbrennerRWisconsin
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Thomas PetriRWisconsin
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Jo BonnerRAlabama
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Michael RogersRAlabama
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Robert AderholtRAlabama
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    Spencer BachusRAlabama
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Chris LeeRNew York
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Tom McClintockRCalifornia
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Mike CoffmanRColorado
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Bill PoseyRFlorida
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Aaron SchockRIllinois
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    John FlemingRLouisiana
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Erik PaulsenRMinnesota
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Gregg HarperRMississippi
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Glenn ThompsonRPennsylvania
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Cynthia LummisRWyoming
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Tom RooneyRFlorida
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Lynn JenkinsRKansas
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Bill CassidyRLouisiana
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Phil RoeRTennessee
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Pete OlsonRTexas
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Jason ChaffetzRUtah
    • Co-Sponsored the Secret Ballot Protection Act
    Dan BorenDOklahoma
    • Voted against the Employee Free Choice Act
    >

     

    Significant Votes

    If a representative was in office when the EFCA was voted on, it will show up under their profile and indicate how that representative voted. 

    House Votes on Unions
    YearRoll CallLegislation
    2007118The Employee Free Choice Act
      

    Senate Votes on Unions
    YearRoll CallLegislation
    2007227The Employee Free Choice Act

     

    Additional Legislation

    Each year, there are numerous bills introduced that are not voted on in the House or Senate. These bills may be sponsored by numerous people and a representative's co-sponsorship of that legislation gives insight into that person's viewpoints.

    Senate Bills on Unions
    SessionBill NumberCo-SponsorsBill Title
    112S 21723Secret Ballot Protection Act of 2011
    111S 56039Employee Free Choice Act of 2009
    111S 47820Secret Ballot Protection Act of 2009
    110S 104146Employee Free Choice Act of 2007
    110S 212336Public Safety Employer-Employee Cooperation Act of 2007
    110S 131227Secret Ballot Protection Act of 2007
    110S 19453Patriot Employers Act
    109S 84244Employee Free Choice Act
    109S 51321Public Safety Employer-Employee Cooperation Act of 2005

     

    House Bills on Unions
    SessionBill NumberCo-SponsorsBill Title
    111H R 1176112Secret Ballot Protection Act
    110H R 980282Public Safety Employer-Employee Cooperation Act of 2007
    110H R 800232Employee Free Choice Act of 2007
    110H R 69789National Right-to-Work Act
    110H R 86672Secret Ballot Protection Act
    109H R 1249121Public Safety Employer-Employee Cooperation Act of 2005

    [1] Website: Government Printing Office Article: HR 800 - Employee Free Choice Act Author: GPO Accessed on: 04/12/2011

    [2] Website: AFL-CIO Article: Why We Need First-Contract Arbitration Author: AFL-CIO Accessed on: 04/12/2011

    [3] Website: Talking Points Memo Article: Look at the Map Author: Josh Marshall Accessed on: 02/14/2012

    [4] Website: National Right to Work Article: Right to Work States Author: NA Accessed on: 02/14/2012